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Citation & Format Guide: Personal Communication

Personal Communication

Email and text messages can be cited in running text instead of a footnote (e.g. In a Facebook message to the author on August 15, 2017, Jane Doe indicated that...). Do not list personal communications in your bibliography.


Jane Doe, Facebook message to author, August 15, 2017.

John Doe, email message to author, August 15, 2017.