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History of Christian Thought

Early Christianity

The first few centuries after Christ featured not just the formation of a new religion, but also Christianity's biggest theological debates.  Early Christians debated a number of questions.  Who is a Christian?  Do Christians need to follow Jewish Law?  What is Christianity's relationship to Judaism and the God of the Old Testament?  Was Jesus human or divine or both?  If Jesus was both human and divine, how did that work?  What does Son of God mean?  How does the concept of the Trinity work?  What books should be included in the Bible?  What should the role of women be in the church and Christian society?  Is the material world inherently bad?  The Lapp Learning Commons gives CTS students access to thousands of primary, secondary, and tertiary sources on this period; below are some recommended works.

Online Textual Resources

Audio & Visual Resources

Other Early Church Fathers

General Books on Early Christianity



Early Christianity & Judaism

Women in Early Christianity